What is Diabetes?

diabetesThe food you eat is changed by your body into glucose (a form of sugar). The hormone insulin is produced by the pancreas; it allows glucose to be used as energy by entering all the cells of your body.

When a person’s body doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use insulin properly, it is known as Diabetes. The sugar builds up in your blood instead of moving into the cells. If there is too much sugar in the blood, it can lead to serious health problems, including heart disease and damage to the nerves and kidneys.


There are 2 types of diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body doesn’t produce any insulin.
Type 2 diabetes, the body either doesn’t produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin.

How Exercise Can Help Diabetes?

  • Lower your blood glucose (sugar ) level
  • Help you lose weight or control your weight
  • Reduce your body fat
  • Give you more energy
  • Improve circulation
  • Help you feel better about yourself
  • Improves your overall health.
  • Lower bad cholesterol & raises good cholesterol
  • Lower your blood pressure
  • Improve your body’s ability to use insulin
  • Lower your risk for heart disease and stroke
  • Keep your joints flexible
  • Lower your risk of falling
  • Reduce your stress levels
  • Regular physical activity will improve your wellbeing and will also help you to maintain good blood glucose control.

What kind of exercise should I do?

  • Prior to beginning an exercise program, diabetic patients should be cleared by their doctors to exercise.
  • Try doing extra activities as well as your regular exercises e.g. take the stairs.
  • It is also important to make the exercises functional to specifically help with everyday life.
  • All activities should be done with controlled movements, to avoid muscle strain &bone fractures.
  • A Biokineticist will provide you with a program to ensure you are exercising properly and safely
  • A Biokineticist will help you determine what type of exercise is right for you. Taking into consideration other health and joint problems.
  • Exercise that is recommended: Aerobic, Strength Training, Stretching, endurance exercise.  Your Biokineticist will advise you.
  • Aerobic exercise 30 minutes a day at least 3-5 days a week is recommended.
  • When you start an exercise program, go slowly.  Talk to your Biokineticist for specific advice.
  • Are there any risks to exercising for people with Diabetes? Yes, but benefits far outweigh the risks.

Exercise checklist:

  • Talk to your Biokineticist  about the right exercise
  • Check your blood sugar level before & after exercise.
  • Check your feet: blisters/sores before & after exercise.
  • Wear the proper shoes & socks.
  • Drink plenty of fluid before, during & after exercise.
  • Warm up before exercising & cool down afterward.
  • Have a snack handy in case your blood sugar level drops too low.

The Diabetic Team:

  • Doctor (special interest in diabetes) /Endocrinologist
  • Diabetic educator/Specialist diabetes nurse
  • Podiatrist
  • Dietician
  • Biokineticist              
  • Ophthalmologist
Your Biokineticist can advise you on the correct type of exercise for you, duration needed, intensity required, correct techniques, educate you on planning your program, identifying risks and benefits of exercise, provide exercise guidelines & advise on any other exercise queries